Case Summary: Jarnail Singh and Ors. vs. Lachhmi Narain Gupta and others.


In the Supreme Court of India

Civil Appellate Jurisdiction

Case No. Special leave petition (civil) no. 30621 of 2011


Jarnail Singh and ors.


Lachhmi Narain Gupta and ors.

Date of the Judgment

26th Sept. 2018


Former Chief Justice of India Dipak Misra

Justice Kurian Joseph

Justice RF Nariman

Justice SK Kaul

Justice Indu Malhotra

Applicable Laws:
Article 16(4A)
Article 335
77 amendment act

1. An excursion seat of Justice Adarsh Kumar Goel and Justice Ashok Bhushan was hearing an SLP favored by the Center against the August-2017 judgment of the Delhi High Court subduing the DoPT Office Memorandum (OM) dated August 13, 1997, which accommodated the continuation of reservation in advancements inconclusively.

2. The high court had passed the decision in the light of the summit court constitution seat judgment in M Nagaraj (2006).

3. On May 17, a seat of Justice Kurian Joseph and Justice Mohan M Shantanagoudar, hearing an SLP against the 2011 judgment of the Punjab and Haryana High Court subduing a comparable OM incompatibility of M Nagaraj, had coordinated “that the pendency of this Special Leave Petition will not disrupt the general flow of Union of India making strides with the end goal of advancement from ‘held to saved’ and ‘open to open’ and in the matter of advancement on merits.”

4. The Constitution seat of the Supreme Court, on 26 September 2018 conveyed a judgment created by Justice Rohinton Nariman, that booking in advancements doesn’t require the state to gather quantifiable information on the backwardness of the Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes, yet makes the “smooth layer” in either bunch ineligible for the advantages

Issues Raised:-

1. Regardless of whether M. Nagaraj v. Association of India (Nagaraj) required reexamination?

2. Nagaraj decision had held that before the Scheduled Caste and Scheduled Tribe competitors can be advanced, the states needed to demonstrate by “quantifiable information” that they were to be sure “in reverse”

3. Regardless of whether the ‘rich layer’ among SC/STs ought to be banned from acquiring advancements through reservations?

Arguments Advanced:

Lawyer General KK Venugopal contended (properly) that the Constitution decided the Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes to be “in reverse”, and no further tests could be forced to confirm their “backwardness”. He additionally battled that the idea of “velvety layer” applied to the Other Backward Classes, not to the Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes. The Nagarajverdict had included these riders wrongly, Venugopal contended, so the issue should have alluded to a bigger seat.

The Supreme Court acknowledged his first point however not the second, declining to allude the Nagaraj judgment to a bigger seat of seven adjudicators.

Government Came without hesitation :

Also Read:  Case Summary: Subhash Kumar Manwani Vs. State of M.P. and Others

The Government opined that the decision of the Supreme Court would influence the network of the planned station and the network of booked clans in the nation.

The Government likewise contended that the portrayals of the booked position and clan have not arrived at the necessary level, that they were normal. The portrayal of the booked rank and clan in the parliament additionally contended that there are numerous administration hireling from these networks couldn’t make acknowledge noteworthy enough as those individuals who had a place with the open classification.

Consequently, the administration presented Article 16(4A) in 1995, which expressed that, “Nothing in this article will keep the state from making any arrangement for reservation in issues of advancement to any class or classes of posts in the administration under the state for the Scheduled rank and clan which in the assessment of the state ate not sufficiently spoke to in the administrations under the state.


The court put aside the necessity to gather quantifiable information that was specified by its 2006 decision in M. Nagaraj v. Association of India as it overlooked the thinking of a nine-judge seat in Indra Sawhney (1992) that any conversation on velvety layer “has no pertinence” with regards to SC/STs.

The court has taken over 10 years to address an oddity in the Nagaraj case which acquired a rich layer channel for advancements for SC/ST workers. This brought about a large number of representatives being denied their due advancements.


The judgment of the Supreme Court in this which affirmed the use of rich layer to advancements for SC/ST government workers as held in M. Nagaraj versus Union of India indicated the small comprehension of the idea of standing separation in establishments.

While on one hand, the judgment held Articles 16(4A) and 16(4B) to be substantial, which takes into account reservations in advancements, on the other, it adequately killed this advantage by applying the smooth layer limitation. If the current smooth layer roof of Rs 8 lakh for every annum were to be applied, even ‘Gathering D’ SC/ST workers would be banned from reservations. Like a deft entertainer, the court has played out a skillful deception on the reservation in advancements – parted with it by one hand and taken it by another hand.

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  1. Pingback: Reservation Policy In Jammu And Kashmir | JudicateMe

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