The year 2020 brought with it a danger to mankind in the form of COVID- 19. An infectious disease caused by the spread of a virus which was unknown for the whole world until its outbreak began in Wuhan city of China and slowly it engulfed the whole world. There is no vaccine to cure the disease and the only way to keep one safe was by social distancing and to implement it lockdown was imposed by most of the countries. The companies are closed. Schools are closed. But the world can’t come to a standstill so people started working from their homes and online classes started for children from K.G. to the ones in college. Amit Sahu who is a senior cyber consultant says that the internet is a double-edged sword for kids. It is necessary to stay within the boundaries of safe limits else one can be exposed to the harms of various cyber offences. The various risks to which students are exposed:
There are various risks to which the students are exposed to be it mentally, physically or psychologically. A report by the UNESCO says that around 1.5 billion students in 188 countries were unable to attend school due to COVID-19, as on April 8 which represents around 91% of the world’s student population. The pandemic for many students means limited or no education. It also generates a fear of falling behind their peers and the children also miss the sense of stability and normalcy provided by the schools. Due to this pandemic, the exposure of children to online sources proliferated. The online classes instead of proving itself to be a boon rather somehow turned out to be a curse to some students. Many children who were not very active on online interactions are also forced to use online sources for studies where they are prone to various predators and they can easily harass these young minds.
Long hours of online classes make it mandatory for the students to stick to their laptops, tablets, cell phones for a long duration. The various risks can be listed as follows-
An unprecedented rise in screen time- Due to long hours of online classes students are forced to use various gadgets for long hours which harms their eyes and it is hazardous for their health.
Economic problems- Everyone in the world is not privileged to have enough money to buy as many smartphones as the number of children they have so that they can attend the classes and if having the gadgets is not the problem then the internet pack is not affordable by everyone. Due to the lockdown, many have lost their source of income when people are suffering from hunger. How can we expect them to buy internet packs?
Network issues- The network issue is faced by students in the remote areas and due to poor connectivity they miss their classes and lag behind other students.
Data privacy and attack of cyber criminals- The online classes also lead to data privacy consideration for children.
What is cybercrime?
Cybercrime is an offence where the internet and the various gadgets like mobile phone, laptop etc. are used to commit the crime. Cybercrimes are related to the internet and are incomplete without reference to the net. The recent amendment in the IT Act added a good number of crimes to the already existing list of crimes when it used the term computer-related offences. According to a report which was published by the International Labour Organisation, Cyber-trafficking, Grooming, Sextortion, Sexting etc offences are some of the new norms of crime against children.
Sexting– It is a kind of offence in which the child is forced either by boyfriend\girlfriend or any other person whom the child knows to send his\her picture which is later on distributed by that person without the child’s consent.
Grooming- In this offence the offender tries to build a relationship with the child either by online resources or by contacting the child in person for a sexual favour. This may happen when there is lack of trust and care by the parent towards the kid so they search for that trust and care in the outside world where people can easily exploit them and use them by their fake care.
Live online child sexual abuse: This offence has been on the rise in which there is sexual exploitation of children through prostitution.
Cyber trafficking- Cyber basically means something related to computer or computer technology (via the internet) and it is similar to human trafficking only the difference being in this computer technology is used to commit the offence.
Cybercrime related threats
School closures and strict measures mean families are confined to their homes and they are relying on technology for the online classes as well as to keep the children entertained but as we all are aware all the children don’t have the same level of skill to keep themselves safe while online. The more time the students spend on virtual platforms the more vulnerable they become to online sexual exploitation and grooming, the increased and unstructured time online may expose children to potentially harmful and violent content as well as a greater risk of cyberbullying. The personal data of children like their names, home address and other personal details may be sensitive for the students and can harm the child and his family.
During this period many incidents took place which acted as a threat against the security of children online. One such was in Kolkata where some unknown person hacked the online lecture and started using abusive language against children, threatened them and shared some obscene videos during class as a result of which the class was suspended. A report by Indian child protection fund (ICPF) claims that since the lockdown was enforced there has been an escalation in the demand of child pornography material or child sexual abuse material. And the various cases which are reported worldwide amongst them the one’s exploiting the children online are mostly the ones who are related to them or know about them like neighbours, family friends etc. So the situation requires close monitoring by the parents to keep their kids safe.
Ways to tackle the problems
The suggested solution for the various issues which are mentioned above can be as follows-
(a) One can visit the National cyber crime reporting portal which is an initiative of the Government to complain about cybercrime. The type of cybercrime to be reported is divided into two categories one being crime related to women/children another one is any other cyber offence. To report a crime related to women/children there are two ways to register-
To report anonymously- In this, no private data would be revealed and only complete information regarding the complaint is to be provided for the police authorities to take adequate action.
To report and track- Here the complainant has to provide her name, email address, phone no. along with the complete information regarding the complaint.
(b) One can send an email to compliant-Mwcd@ gov.in to report against online bullying or abuse which is an initiative of the Ministry of women and child development.
The idea of online classes during this period of COVID-19 is definitely a good one but as it is seen that there are many dangers attached with it so it is necessary to take all the precautions which are required. The students who are very young for them it is the responsibility of the teachers, the Government, the parents to keep them safe while online and also to educate them so that they can gain the best of benefits from it and can smoothly attend the classes.